Category: Research Studies

Reduced Laughter Contagion in Children Could be the mechanism by which Narcissism, Antisocial Behavior and Psychopathy are developed

This new Medical Study sheds some light on one area of development of a child which could impact that’s child’s future.

If the young child is raised in an environment where there are no times of laughter among the people raising that child, then  the child could be negatively impacted. One example could be a Husband and Wife constantly bickering and fighting and never having time to laugh together. The Child could grow up in a sad home where the family never shared laughter together.

So something as simple of having laughter in a child’s life, could  impact their development into Human Beings who care and have empathy for fellow Human Beings.

I also suspect that this could be used in Junior Kindergarten. Bring in really funny movies for the kids to watch. The children could laugh together, which just might help develop empathy in those children who have never experienced laughter at home.

Click on this link to visit the Elsevier Inc website to read their Open Access Published Research Study by

Please note this Research Study was published Open Access, so there is No Pay Wall to cross to be able to read it. I personally am grateful for Open Access publishing of Research Studies.

Too often one has to pay to be able cross a Pay Wall to be able to read a Research Study and most Research is funded by Government Agencies which are funded by us the Taxed Payers. In my opinion it seems unfair to the Tax Payers to pay once to finance the Research Study and then have to pay a second time to be able to read the Research Study which Tax Payers helped fund.

One last note. William James (1842-1910) who was the first to offer a Psychology Course in the United States, created a great quote: “We don’t laugh because we’re happy, we’re happy because we laugh.

This could be another RED FLAG to watch for. Does the suspected Narcissist or Disordered Individual genuinely laugh along with others at a gathering? In a longer term relationship, do you both laugh together often or Not At All?

Treating PTSD with Medical Cannabis by Dr. Sue Sisley

More American Vets have died after returning home and then suffering with PTSD and Complex PTSD, than have died on the battlefields of recent U.S. Wars. Suicide is not uncommon.

PTSD and Complex PTSD is not a burden that just returning American Vets have to deal with. Victims of Narcissistic Abuse could also become afflicted with PTSD and Complex PTSD.

The legalization of Medical Cannabis is removing the stigma of using Cannabis, a naturally occurring plant,  as part of a Medical Treatment. Medical Cannabis may become a recommended treatment for PTSD and Complex PTSD. It has been used successfully by individuals, but because it was “illegal”, Researchers in the past could not do Medical Studies using Cannabis as a treatment protocol.

The FDA may approve a Research Study using Medical Cannabis but the Researchers must get the Cannabis from another agency named NIDA, which controls the one single U.S. Government source of Medical Cannabis. NIDA (National Institute on Drug Abuse) can put a full stop to any FDA approved Study using Medical Cannabis. Hence, in the US there have been precious few Medical Studies on the benefits of Medical Cannabis as a treatment. There are huge numbers of personal accounts of Cannabis being used to successfully treat for example Brain Cancer, Leukemia and PTSD. But the real life truth is called Anecdotal Evidence, which has little value to Government agencies which look for Peer Reviewed Medical Studies which could not be done because Government agencies had Cannabis officially classified as being illegal.

In the video below, Dr. Sue Sisley speaks about Treating PTSD with Medical Cannabis.

 Video is courtesy of the Cannabis Saves Lives! YouTube channel

The song “Weightless” by Marconi Union, was found to reduce Anxiety by 65 Percent

A medical study has been discussed on some internet sites, which apparently found a particular song to reduce anxiety level by over 60% and increased one’s resting state by over 30%. I have not been able to find a source document.

Apparently a Neuroscience study was done by Mindlab International and it found that the song titled “Weightless” by Marconi Union reduced anxiety levels over 60% and increased one’s physical resting state by over 30%.

So I went on YouTube and listened to the 10 hour version (no not for 10 hours). There was a definite change of state. Please do not listen to this song while driving any moving vehicle, nor when operating any machinery.

I know from experience that being around Narcissists can increase my anxiety level. Listening to this song could possibly help to reduce one’s anxiety, after having an interaction with a Cluster-B Disordered Individual.

 Video is courtesy of the JustMusicTV YouTube channel

Click on this line to read a post about the MindLab Study on the website. That article also lists nine other songs which are supposed to reduce levels of anxiety.

I checked the song out on a media player which had an audio spectrum analyzer. You can’t readily hear it, but the Bass in this song follows a human heart beat when at rest. It can work to slow your heart rate. Visually seeing the Bass on the analyzer follow a human resting heart rate, was a surprise. Very well crafted song.

Stress at work can affect your health and well being. If you also find one or more Narcissists at your workplace (been there, done that), then you have to cope with double the stress. A medical study discusses the health issues which Workplace related Stress creates. Click on this line to visit the website, to read  that medical research study titled “Workplace stressors & health outcomes: Health policy for the workplace”.

The authors of that medical study are Joel Goh who is affiliated with Harvard Business School and Jeffrey Pfeffer who is affiliated with Stanford University.

Jeffrey Pfeffer video: “Is Your Workplace Killing You?” is courtesy of the Stanford Graduate School of Business YouTube channel

Treating PTSD using MDMA (Ecstacy) assisted Psychotherapy

On Tues Nov 27 the US FDA had approved Phase 3 trials which would use MDMA in assisted Psychotherapy. MDMA is the main component of the illegal party drug called Ecstacy

Click on this line to visit the Web MD website page which discusses the FDA approval of more studies into using MDMA assisted Psychotherapy to help treat PTSD.

Video courtesy of The Young Turks YouTube channel

Video courtesy of the MAPS YouTube channel

Video is courtesy of the London Real YouTube channel

Over 75 Years Harvard has run a Research Study to learn “What keeps us happy and healthy as we go through life?”.

A Research Study running for a period of 75 years is unheard of. Harvard University has been running such an incredibly long Research Study. The study is helping to answer the question: “What keeps us happy and healthy as we go through life?

In this video, Robert Waldinger, a Harvard psychiatrist, is the 4th ongoing Director of the longest study (75 years and still running) on adult life and happiness, discusses the surprising findings of this Harvard Research Study.

Video is courtesy of the TED Talks YouTube channel

Older couples, in the Study, were recently asked about conflicts and how they resolve them. But couple after couple, could not recall conflicts.

In my opinion, based on the findings from the Harvard Research Study if you want to live a “Long” and “Healthy” and “Happy” life, then stay far away from Cluster-B disordered individuals such as Narcissists, because such disordered individuals lack empathy for others and are unable to share real intimacy with others.

TEDX Talks presents Dr. Helen Riess, an Associate Professor of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School, discussing research on the Neuroscience of Emotions and Empathy

Dr. Helen Riess is an Associate Professor of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. She directs the Empathy & Relational Science Program, conducting unique research on the neuroscience of emotions and empathy, and is Co-Founder, Chief Scientist and Chairman of Empathetics, LLC.

Dr. Helen Riess has devoted her career to research on the Neuroscience and art of the patient-doctor relationship and teaching psychiatry residents and medical students. Her research team conducts translational research based on the Neuroscience of emotions. The effectiveness of Dr. Riess’s Empathy training approach has been demonstrated in several studies including a randomized controlled trial.

This TEDX Talks presentation has many insights into Empathy.

Video is courtesy of the TEDx Talks YouTube channel

Women Anger Narcissistic Men Most | Psych Central News

If you know a narcissistic man and you’re a woman, you may want to be careful. A new study released today suggests that heterosexual men who are narcissists lash out most often at heterosexual women. According to the study, heterosexual men, gay men and lesbian women provoke a softer reaction in narcissistic men, according to psychologist Dr. Scott Keiller from Kent State University at Tuscarawas. Why do male narcissists seem to lash out most at women? The researcher suggest it may be due to women’s unparalleled potential for gratifying, or frustrating, men’s narcissism. They are crucial players and even gatekeepers in men’s quests for sexual pleasure, patriarchal power and status. ‘Although narcissists may want to maintain feelings of superiority and power over all people, narcissistic heterosexual men are particularly invested in subordinating heterosexual women,’ noted Dr. Keiller. ‘The results suggest that narcissistic hostility is associated with a group’s potential to provide or

Source: Women Anger Narcissistic Men Most | Psych Central News

Childhood Insecurity Can Impair Adult Emotional Regulation | Psych Central News

New research suggests early childhood experiences can influence the way individuals manage stressful situations in adulthood. For example, imagine two candidates at a high stakes job interview. One of them handles the pressure with ease and sails through the interview. The other candidate, however, feels very nervous and under-performs. Experts explain that the emotional bonds we develop with a parent or primary caregiver in early childhood are thought to be the basis of our ability to regulate our emotions as adults. ‘We know from other studies that our history of attachment directly influences how we act in social situations;’ explained Dr. Christine Heinisch, one of the authors of the study; ‘but what about reaction to a neutral stimulus under emotional conditions?’ A good example of this in daily life, says Dr. Heinisch, is when a car approaches a traffic light. Under neutral conditions, it is easy for the driver to follow the signal. But what happens under emotional conditions?

Source: Childhood Insecurity Can Impair Adult Emotional Regulation | Psych Central News

By using Mirroring, Narcissists achieve great success in establishing deep rapport with their Target. Mirror Neuron Science explains how this happens inside the brain.

Yes, I have a deep fascination of Mirroring. I also have a deep respect for it’s ability to influence and making it easy to manipulate others. It is a major Red Flag to watch for.

The video below discusses Mirror Neurons inside Human Brains.

Video is courtesy of the Integr8 YouTube channel

How do I love me? Let me count the ways, and also ace that interview

Narcissism, a trait considered obnoxious in most circumstances, actually pays off big-time in the short-term context of a job interview, according to a new study.

Source: How do I love me? Let me count the ways, and also ace that interview

Job interviews reward Narcissists and punish modest job applicants

A study by UBC Psychology Prof. Del Paulhus finds that Narcissistic applicants are more successful in job interviews than equally qualified candidates who act more modestly.

The findings suggest that applicants from cultures that place greater emphasis on humility, including some Asian cultures, may have a harder time landing a job in North America.

A job interview is one of the few social situations where narcissistic behaviours such as boasting actually create a positive impression,” says Paulhus, the lead author of the study. “Normally, people are put off by such behaviour, especially over repeated exposure.

Before placing participants in job interview scenarios, researchers used questionnaires to measure their levels of narcissism. The study found that people who rated as narcissists were viewed as more attractive job candidates.

Videotapes of the interviews were later scored by a team of raters. Narcissists tended to talk about themselves, make eye contact, joke around and ask the interviewers more questions. As a result, the study found that people rated narcissists as more attractive candidates for the position.

The researchers also found that participants of Japanese, Chinese and Korean heritage exhibited lower levels of narcissism, and were less likely to receive “definitely hire” ratings as a result. “The pro-narcissism bias results in an indirect cultural bias – particularly against East Asians,” says Paulhus.

Paulhus says the study offers important lessons for job candidates and interviewers alike. “Candidates should engage with the interviewer while continuing to self-promote,” he says. “Interviewers should look beyond cultural style and assess individual qualifications. Instead of superficial charm, interviewers must analyze candidates’ potential long-term fit in the organization.

The study was published by the Journal of Applied Social Psychology in October 2013 and can be found here.

Prof. Delroy L. Paulhus
UBC Psychology
Tel: 604-822-3286

This article is courtesy of the University of British Columbia. Click on this link to visit the UBC website to view the article on their website.

Click on this Link to visit the CBC TV website to see their post about this research. This site also features a video of an interview with Prof Del Paulhus.

One thing that I’d like to add. If a Narcissist is doing the hiring, then they can relate to the behaviour of other Narcissists. Narcs of a feather do flock together. Different types of Narcissists seek out different Narcissist Supply. For example a Cerebral Narc will seek supply from people with higher levels of education. Not an issue with Somatic Narcs and so Somatic Narcissists can coexist with Cerebral Narcissist, because they will not compete for Narcissistic Supply. They can actually provide each other Narcissistic Supply, if needed.

The following Creative Commons Licensing was found under the UBC Copyright terms:

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Uniquely Narcissistic DISCLAIMER: All copyright remains with the original Copyright holders. Uniquely Narcissistic does not make any claims regarding the Copyright or Trademarks related to this post. This post is courtesy of the University of British Columbia (UBC). The University of British Columbia and Prof Del Paulhus “do not” endorse the Uniquely Narcissistic website/blog, nor is there any affiliation.

Hunting humans: A future for tourism in 2200

There was a paper recently published in the Peer Reviewed Scientific Journal called Futures, in the April–May 2016 issue (on pages 34–46). The paper was titled “Hunting humans: A future for tourism in 2200“. The author of that paper was Daniel William Mackenzie Wright, who is a Senior Lecturer at the University of Central Lancashire.

Hunting Humans is something which I believe Narcissists already do. Not to kill, but to secure sources of Narcissistic Supply. For example, Empaths and Codependents are sought out (ie hunted for) and targeted. You do not have to wait for the year 2200 to have Humans hunting other Humans.

Death as a sport is also not something new. The Romans did something similar eons ago, with their Gladiator battles. My two cents worth regarding this: is that something very large is hard to turn around. You can’t turn an ocean liner on a dime. Same goes for humanity. I am of the opinion that there has been an explosion in the number of Disordered individuals, be they Narcissists or Sociopaths or Psychopaths.

There is a saying in Investing Circles that “A Trend is your Friend“. Get on board when a stock is rising and the odds are that it could climb higher. Lets assume that I am correct and that there is a growing trend to having society filled with Disordered Individuals. Trends keep going. The Scientific Paper about Hunting Humans as a Tourist Attraction “could” become a  sick reality by the year 2200. Psychopaths would have a field day.

The paper presented the following question: “In what circumstance is it acceptable for one human being, for entertainment or leisure, (to) watch or even pay to see the death of another human being?“. It would be interesting to have said question presented to Psychopaths and to hear their answers. They just might answer back with a question “When is it “not” acceptable?” along with the look of dismay on their face, because to them it is always acceptable (and pleasurable). Not acceptable behaviour is a concept generally foreign to Psychopaths, who set their own standards of behaviour. If it suits them, they do it.

The following line was from the Abstract of the article: “Death as entertainment by form of detachment (emotionally and physically) will further influence the future fun aspect of hunting humans.“. The author used the words “fun aspect of hunting humans“. Makes me wonder how much “fun” the author would have, should he be the one being hunted. This article was not something out of say the National Enquirer. The article was in a Peer Reviewed “Scientific Journal”.

Those who physically abuse others, are emotionally detached from the person that they are abusing. Brain Scans of Psychopaths seem to indicate that the Pleasure Centers of a Psychopath’s Brain are turned on when they view images and videos of people being physically hurt and or killed. Psychopaths are wired to gain pleasure from hurting, torturing and killing a human being or animal. Psychopaths may lack a Conscience. Hunting Humans for sport, while on a vacation, is something that could draw lots of Psychopaths.

Click o this link to visit the Science Direct website to view the article titled “Hunting humans: A future for tourism in 2200“, which was published in Futures journal.

Click on this link to Download a PDF file of the article titled “Hunting humans: A future for tourism in 2200” from the Science Direct website.

Research Study found that those who took acetaminophen showed a reduction in empathy.

This was posted when the Study came out. I then pulled the post. I’m reposting it. To my mind it is rather interesting how a chemical pain reliever could affect the reaction of centers in the Brain which control our emotions and how and if we react to them.

A new Research Study out of The Ohio State University found that those who took acetaminophen showed a reduction in empathy. They weren’t as concerned about another person’s person’s hurt feelings. The Study was published on May 05 2016 in the journal “Social Congitive and Affective Neuroscience, which is one of the Oxford Journals.

Acetaminophen is the main ingredient in the over the counter pain relief medication. It is also found in many Cough Syrups. Because it may be included in other medications and syrups, one has to be careful not to overdose which can cause Liver Damage and possibly death.

One of the major traits of Narcissists, is their lack of Empathy.

One of the Narcissistic DSM IV Criteria“(7) lacks empathy: is unwilling to recognize or identify with the feelings and needs of others. Yes, the narcissistic needs to also display 4 or more of the other criteria. Lack of Empathy is a wiring issue in their brain, likely due to Attachment Trauma during infancy.

I am in no away offering medical advise. One of the generally accepted major traits of a Narcissist is the lack of empathy. I have no idea what affect acetaminophen maybe might have on someone with NPD.

The authors of the study were:

Baldwin Way

Dominik Mischkowski

and Jennifer Crocker

Click on this line to visit the Oxford Journals site to view the Study Abstract

From Painkiller to Empathy Killer: Acetaminophen (Paracetamol) Reduces Empathy for Pain

Video is courtesy of the Fox Business YouTube channel

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One Question That Reveals a Narcissist

1 Question That Reveals a Narcissist: “The Science of Us” Episode 9

Video is courtesy of the New York Magazine YouTube channel

Click on this line to view our prior post about the Research Studies and background that the above video is based on.

“The most important years of life: Our beginning” lecture by Dr. Allan Schore

The first few years (especially the 1st two years) of your life, literally created the type of person that you are today. Attachment Theory has brought forth new discoveries about Human Brain development. It not just about physical needs (blood oxygen etc). Nurture is just as important. Dr. Schore uses the terms “Mother Nature” and also “Mother Nurture“. There is being developed a combined Psychological Development and Biological Development model.

The very young baby has no language. All communications are visual and “emotional”. The baby perceives the world using non-verbal communications. Since the left brain has not started to develop, then all non-verbal communications takes place and develops in the right hemisphere of the brain. The baby communicates and perceives emotion via it’s eyes and “intuition”. As adults we shift to verbal left brain communications

Codependency and Personality Disorders like NPD, BPD and Psychpathy seem to be related to the type of Attachment Trauma experienced by the developing infant. Both the Codependent and the Narcissist seem to have a severe lack of self esteem at their core.

This is a fascinating video where Dr. Schore discusses the cutting edge research, which is changing our knowledge of the development of normal  Human Beings and also pf Human Monsters..

Video is courtesy of the Rune Fardal YouTube channel

Click on this line to visit David Baldwin’s Trauma Information Pages to read the study results from a Research Studies by Dr. Allan Schore which was originally published in: Infant Mental Health Journal, 2001. The Research Study results were titled: The Effects of a Secure Attachment Relationship on Right Brain Development, Affect Regulation, & Infant Mental Health“.

“Attachment trauma and the effects of neglect and abuse on the brain” by Dr. Allan Schore

Dr. Allan Schore discusses “Attachment trauma and the effects of neglect and abuse on the brain“.

The development of severe Psychopathologies occurs during right Brain development, during very early childhood. Attachment Trauma and Abandonment Trauma are all stored in the right hemisphere of the Brain, even before the left hemisphere starts to develop.

That is why Brain Scans of Narcissists, Borderlines and Psychopaths show differences from the general population. Because of Attachment Trauma and Abandonment Trauma, the brains of those with Severe Psychopathologies are unable to to wire themselves normally. It is not nature. It is nurture and the severe lack of nurture which plays a major role in creating those with severe Personality Disorders.

Video is courtesy of the PsychAlive YouTube channel

Click on this line to visit the official website of Dr. Allan Schore.

Click on this line to visit the Wikipedia page to get some background info on Dr. Allan Schore.

Study: “Narcissists of a Feather Flock Together. Narcissism and the Similarity of Friends”

The findings from the Study titled “Narcissists of a Feather Flock Together. Narcissism and the Similarity of Friends” were published in the March 2016 issue of the peer reviewed journal “Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin“.

The authors of the study were:

  1. Ulrike Maaß of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany
  2. Lena Lämmle of Medical School Hamburg, Germany
  3. Doreen Bensch of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany
  4. Matthias Ziegler of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany

The published study starts with the following interesting question :
Who is willing to expose himself or herself to narcissists on a long-term basis?“.

That was a good question. If you have ever crossed paths with a narcissist or had become ensnared in a relationship with one, you know the reality of being around a narcissist.

The following are some key points from the study:

“Narcissists like what they have. It is reasonable to assume that people with similar Narcissism profiles are most likely to establish long-term relationships. There is evidence that Narcissists (vs. non-Narcissists) are even more tolerant of others Narcissistic traits (e.g.. bossy, aggressive, arrogant, selfish) when they possess these characteristics themselves (Hart & Adams, 2014).”

“Narcissistic friendships function because they build one unit (in-group) in which their socially disapproved sides are directed against the outside (out-group) and not each other. As long as the pattern is assured, the friendship is maintained.”

“Sharing the same deviations from the agreeable norm, for example, might reduce interactional problems related to Narcissism, as both friends would tend to accept a selfish life strategy and would rather focus on benefits that on loses within their relationship.
Futhermore, extraversion might be a clear hint that a person is suitable to be a “Wingman” or “Wingwoman”.

“The effect of high similarity in Narcissism might be stronger for men. because of a different socialization of men and women. Men are allowed to express more stereotypical Narcissistic behavior than women. Self-centeredness, self-enhancement, less empathy, and preference for interpersonal competition are examples of such stereotypical behaviors”

The study concludes with:
“Although the results indicate that the effect of Narcissism similarity was stronger for male friends, there is conclusive evidence showing that all Narcissists of a feather flock together

Click on this line to view the study article on the journal “Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin” website.

Click on this line to visit the ResearchGate website where you can download a PDF of the study.

Click on this line to visit the US Government’s PubMed site page about this study.

Click on this line to read the article titled “This Is The Only Personality Type That Enjoys Being With Narcissists” posted on the Huffington Post website.

Narcissists of Feather Flock Together..Oh, Yes they do!!!

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“Narcissists of a Feather Flock Together”

Narcissists of a Feather Flock Together“.
Oh, Yes they do!!!

Quote "Narcissists of a Feather Flock Together." by Ulrike Maaß of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin,

“Narcissists of a Feather
Flock Together.”
By: Ulrike Maaß of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin


The above quote is actually a photo – JPG file.
Copyright 2016
Feel free to share under Creative Commons License with attribution to Uniquely Narcissistic

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